Heart disease caused by abnormalities cannot be prevented. However, many types of this disease can be prevented, by living a healthy lifestyle. Aside from being a prevention, a healthy lifestyle below can also help heart disease patients in the healing process:
  • Quit smoking. Cigarettes are a major risk factor for heart disease, especially coronary heart disease.
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  • Routine check-up. Perform routine checks related to cholesterol levels, blood sugar, and blood pressure. Know the normal levels of the three conditions, namely:
    • Blood pressure. Normal blood pressure is below 120/80 mm Hg.
    • Bad cholesterol (LDL). In general, normal LDL levels are below 130 mg / dL. But in people with heart disease risk factors, LDL levels should be below 100 mg / dL. Whereas in individuals with heart disease or diabetes, LDL levels are recommended below 70 mg / dL.
    • Blood sugar levels. Normal blood sugar levels are generally less than 100 mg / dL after not eating (fasting) for at least 8 hours, and less than 140 mg / dL 2 hours after eating.
  • Exercise or regular exercise. In addition to helping maintain health, regular exercise for 30-60 minutes a day can help control blood pressure, as well as cholesterol and blood sugar levels. However, in arrhythmia patients and congenital heart abnormalities, you should first consult with your doctor about the duration of safe exercise.
  • Eat healthy food. Increase consumption of fruits, vegetables, wheat, and omega-3 fats. In addition, limit consumption of red meat, and avoid foods high in sugar, fat, cholesterol, and salt. Also know the limits of calorie content in food consumed, and try to eat foods that are rich in nutrients and low in calories.
  • Keep your ideal weight. Excess weight or obesity can increase the risk of developing heart disease.
  • Manage stress well. Long-term stress can cause the heart to work harder. Therefore, as much as possible reduce stress by undergoing physical activity. For example, do exercises that involve muscle breathing and relaxation techniques, such as yoga. Consult your doctor if you often feel confused, depressed, and angry every time you face a problem.
  • Maintain cleanliness of the body. Routinely wash your hands, brush your teeth, and avoid contact with people who are having an infectious disease such as the flu.